UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet: The Human Rights Challenge
The Promise Institute for Human Rights, in co-sponsorship with a network of Human Rights Centers at US Law Schools, joins a conversation with UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet on what she considers the most pressing issues in human rights, and how we can most effectively address these as human rights institutes in US law schools.
High Commissioner Bachelet was the first female President of Chile. She was elected President of Chile on two occasions (2006 – 2010 and 2014 – 2018). She also served as Health Minister (2000-2002) as well as Chile’s and Latin America’s first female Defense Minister (2002 – 2004).
During her presidential tenures, she promoted the rights of all but particularly those of the most vulnerable. Among her many achievements, education and tax reforms, and the creation of the National Institute for Human Rights and the Museum of Memory and Human Rights stand out. So do the establishment of the Ministry of Women and Gender Equality, the adoption of quotas to increase women’s political participation, and the approval of Civil Union Act legislation, granting rights to same-sex couples and thus, advancing LGBT rights.
Since the early 1990s, Ms. Bachelet has worked closely with many international organizations. In 2010, she chaired the Social Protection Floor Advisory Group, a joint International Labor Organization (ILO) and World Health Organization (WHO) initiative, which sought to promote social policies to stimulate economic growth and social cohesion.
In 2011, she was named the first Director of UN Women, an organization dedicated to fighting for the rights of women and girls internationally. Economic empowerment and ending violence against women were two of her priorities during her tenure. She has recently pledged to be a Gender Champion, committing to advance gender equality in OHCHR and in international fora.